Debian is distributed (mirrored) on hundreds of servers on the Internet. Using a nearby server will probably speed up your download, and also reduce the load on our central servers and on the Internet as a whole.
Debian mirrors can be primary and secondary. The definitions are as follows:
A primary mirror site has good bandwidth, is available 24 hours a day, and has an easy to remember name of the form ftp.<country>.debian.org.
They are all automatically updated whenever there are updates to the Debian archive.
A secondary mirror site may have restrictions on what they mirror (due to space restrictions). Just because a site is secondary doesn't necessarily mean it'll be any slower or less up to date than a primary site.
Use the site closest to you for the fastest downloads possible whether it is a primary or secondary site. The program netselect can be used to determine the site with the least latency; use a download program such as wget or rsync for determining the site with the most throughput. Note that geographic proximity often isn't the most important factor for determining which machine will serve you best.
The authoritative copy of the following list can always be found at:
If you know of any mirrors that are missing from this list, please have the site maintainer fill out the form at: https://www.debian.org/mirror/submit.
Everything else you want to know about Debian mirrors: https://www.debian.org/mirror/.
|Austria||ftp.at.debian.org/debian/||amd64 arm64 armel armhf hurd-i386 i386 ia64 kfreebsd-amd64 kfreebsd-i386 mips mipsel powerpc ppc64el s390 s390x sparc|
|Australia||ftp.au.debian.org/debian/||amd64 arm64 armel armhf hurd-i386 i386 ia64 kfreebsd-amd64 kfreebsd-i386 mips mipsel powerpc ppc64el s390 s390x sparc|